The basilica is the largest building in the Roman Forum. Maxentius commissioned it as part of a larger infrastructure campaign. This wide-scale building project was used as a political and economic tactic, and was meant to act as a visual sign of the empire’s prosperity under the reign of Maxentius. The basilica played an important role in this campaign because its scale and location made it a focal point of the Roman Forum.
Carla Maria Amici and Carlo Giavarini, The Basilica of Maxentius: the monument, its materials, construction, and stability (Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider, 2005).